The Adaptation Program

The Adaptation Program

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Yesterday, I read a famous scientific article on adaptation by evolutionary biologists Stephen J. Gould and Richard Lewontin, titled “The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme” (Gould & Lewontin, 1979).  Gould & Lewontin criticize what they call the “adaptationist programme” school of thought within evolutionary biology.  This paper made me cognizant of the pitfalls of adaptive theory, and allowed me to re-evaluate my own understanding of evolution.

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